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HomeNewsViolence Erupts in Ouagadougou, the Capital of Burkina Faso

Violence Erupts in Ouagadougou, the Capital of Burkina Faso

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Burkina Faso
Shots of gunfire were heard on Tuesday in Burkina Faso’s capital Ouagadougou before ceasing 40 minutes later. Image by flickr.com

Bursts of gunfire were heard early Tuesday 1st August 2023 in the centre of the Burkina Faso capital Ouagadougou near an airbase, an AFP journalist said. The shots were heard from around 12:45 am (0045 GMT) in the heart of the city before ceasing about 40 minutes later.

“It’s an unfortunate incident limited to the air base,” a security source told AFP without giving further details, saying only that “the situation is under control”. Traffic that had been briefly interrupted by the shooting resumed tentatively, the AFP journalist noted.

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ALSO READ: Burkina Faso Junta leader condemns “cowardice” of Jihadist rebels

HOW LONG AFTER THE COUP?

The incident comes ten months after a coup, the second in less than a year in the West African country plagued by jihadist violence. It also comes less than a week after the military seized power in neighbouring Niger after overthrowing democratically elected President Mohamed Bazoum.

Captain Ibrahim Traore seized power in Burkina Faso in a September 30, 2022, coup that ousted Lieutenant-Colonel Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba, who in January that year had toppled the country’s last elected president, Roch Marc Christian Kabore.

ALSO READ: Burkina Faso attack kills 10 civilians: Security, local sources

The motive for both coups was anger at failures to stem a jihadist insurgency that has claimed thousands of lives since spilling over from neighbouring Mali in 2015.

ALSO READ: Ruto insists on not discussing country’s safety with opposition

40 PER CENT OF BURKINA FASO HAS BEEN SEIZED

But each putsch has hit the country’s ability to fight effectively against the jihadists, who are affiliated with Al-Qaeda and the Islamic State group. Some 40 per cent of Burkina Faso has since been seized since by jihadists.

ALSO READ: Burkina Faso jihadist attack kills more civilians

More than 16,000 civilians, troops and police have died in the increased jihadist attacks, according to an NGO count, including more than 5,000 since the start of this year. More than two million people have also been displaced within their country, making it one of the worst internal displacement crises in Africa.

With the latest July 26 putsch, landlocked Niger became the third Sahel country in less than three years to be shaken by a military coup, following Mali and Burkina Faso.

ALSO READ: Burkina Faso troops, allied militiamen killed by jihadists

In all three, the coups have been fuelled by anger at the failure to quash long-running jihadist insurgencies. Mali and Burkina forced France to withdraw its troops from their territory.

OTHER PARTNERS WERE APPROACHED

They have approached other partners, notably Russia, which is taking advantage of the French retreat and stirring up resentment among some of the population against the former regional colonial power.

ALSO READ: Burkina Faso says 50 jihadists killed in attack on convoy

In a joint statement on Monday, the governments of Burkina and Mali expressed their solidarity with the coup leaders in neighbouring Niger. They warned that any military intervention in Niger to restore deposed President Mohamed Bazoum would be considered a “declaration of war against Burkina Faso and Mali”.

The warning came a day after leaders of the West African bloc ECOWAS, supported by their Western partners, threatened to use “force” to reinstate the democratically elected Bazoum and slapped financial sanctions on the putschists.

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